The entourage consisted of civilians accompanying the troops. Among the army’s entourage was an unknown number of people, pack animals and carts.
Besides slaves, who transported the soldiers’ equipment aided by mules and carts, merchants used to follow the army, as well as the inofficial spouses of soldiers, who were entitled to legal marriage only after they had left military service, and their children.
If an attack was imminent on their march, the entourage of all military units was assembled and placed between the soldiers for protection. About three quarters of the soldiers would march ahead of the entourage, while the remaining quarter protected the entourage’s back by following it.