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Ancient sources

Current Sources

All descriptions and mentions of the Varus Battle and its effects report on these events from the Roman point of view. There are no descriptions showing the Germanic perspective because the Germanic tribes did not leave written lore behind. This fact should always be kept in mind when reading ancient sources. Even Tacitus who committed himself to objectivity as his highest aim as an author - »sine ira et studio«, meaning »without anger and eagerness« - did not write devoid of affection and rejection. Besides one has to consider that - except Strabon and Velleius Paterculus - none of the authors experienced the Varus Battle as a contemporary. Many therefore report second- handed and use older descriptions of rather varying and no longer verifiable quality.

Ancient authors on the issue of the Varus Battle